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Pentostatin and Lymphocyte Infusion in Preventing Graft Rejection in Patients Who Have Undergone Donor Stem Cell Transplant

Complete title: Pentostatin and Donor Lymphocyte Infusion for Low Donor T-Cell Chimerism After Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation - A Multicenter Trial

Research Study Number       1825.00
Principal Investigator       Brenda Sandmaier, MD
Phase       II

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Research Study Description

This phase II trial studies pentostatin and donor lymphocyte infusion in preventing graft rejection in patients who have undergone donor stem cell transplant. Giving pentostatin and an infusion of the donor's T cells (donor lymphocyte infusion) after a donor stem cell transplant may stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. The donated stem cells may replace the patient's immune cells and help destroy any remaining cancer cells (graft-versus-tumor effect). Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can also make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving pentostatin before donor lymphocyte infusion may stop this from happening.

Eligibility Criteria (must meet the following to participate in this study)

Genders Eligible for Study: Both

Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No

- Patients having received a preceding allogeneic transplantation from either a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched related or unrelated donor are eligible for this protocol

-- * Related donor: HLA genotypically identical at least at one haplotype and may be phenotypically or genotypically identical at the allele level at HLA A, B, C, DRB1, and DQB1

-- * Unrelated donor who are prospectively:

--- ** Matched for HLA-A, B, C, DRB1 and DQB1 by high resolution typing; OR

--- ** Only a single allele disparity will be allowed for HLA-A, B, or C as defined by high resolution typing

- Patients with less than 50% donor CD3 peripheral blood chimerism on two separate, consecutive evaluations; the two evaluations must be at least 14 days apart OR patients with absolute decreases of donor CD3 peripheral blood chimerism of >= 20% if the second test shows < 50% donor CD3 cells; the two evaluations must be at least 14 days apart

- Patients with evidence of disease are only eligible if the disease is stable (or persistent) in comparison to the status prior to transplantation

- Patients must be tapered off systemic steroids to a dosage of less than or equal to 0.25 mg/kg/day

- Patients must have persistent donor CD3 cells (>= 5% donor CD3 cells by a deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA]-based assay that compares the profile of amplified fragment length polymorphisms [ampFLP] [or fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) studies or variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR)])

- DONOR: Alternatively to a fresh unmodified leukapheresis product, previously collected cryopreserved peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) after mobilization with G-CSF or cryopreserved unmodified leukapheresis product from the original donor can be used; if cryopreserved product is not available, the following criteria apply for the DLI product:

- DONOR: Original donor of hematopoietic cell transplantation

- DONOR: Donor must give consent to leukapheresis

- DONOR: Donor must have adequate veins for leukapheresis or agree to placement of central venous catheter (femoral or subclavian)

- DONOR: Donor must be medically fit to undergo the apheresis procedure (institutional guidelines for apheresis)

Other eligibility criteria may apply.

Exclusions (conditions that would prevent participation in this study)

- Current grade II to IV acute GVHD or extensive chronic GVHD

- Karnofsky score < 50%

-- * Pediatric criteria

--- ** Lansky play-performance score < 40

- Evidence of relapse or progression of disease after transplantation

- Prior recipient of cord blood

- DONOR: Donors who are not suitable for medical reasons to donate peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) by continuous centrifugation according to the criteria of the American Association of Blood Banks (AABB)

- DONOR: Pregnancy

- DONOR: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or human T-lymphotrophic virus (HTLV) infection

- DONOR: Recent immunization may require a delay

Other exclusion criteria may apply.

Research Study Number       1825.00
Contact       Seattle Cancer Care Alliance Intake Office
Telephone       800-804-8824 / 206-288-1024

Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic (ALL); Leukemia, Acute Myeloid (AML); Leukemia, Chronic Lymphocytic (CLL); Leukemia, Chronic Myeloid (CML); Hematologic Malignancies; Lymphoma, Hodgkin; Leukemia; Lymphoma; Multiple Myeloma (MM); Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MD

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Please remember:

  • Talk to your health care providers first before making decisions about your health care.
  • Whether you are eligible for a research study depends on many things. There are specific requirements to be in research studies. These requirements are different for each study.

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