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Clinical Trial Detail

Afatinib Dimaleate and Capecitabine in Treating Patients With Advanced Refractory Solid Tumors, Pancreatic Cancer or Biliary Cancer

Complete title: Phase I/IB Multi-Center Study of Irreversible EGFR/HER2 Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Afatinib (BIBW 2992) in Combination with Capecitabine for Advanced Solid Tumors and Pancretico-Biliary Cancers

Research Study Number 9078
 
Principal Investigator Gabriela Chiorean
 
Phase I

Research Study Description

This phase I/Ib trial studies the side effects and best dose of afatinib dimaleate when given together with capecitabine in treating patients with solid tumors, pancreatic cancer, or biliary cancer that has spread to other places in the body and usually cannot be cured or controlled with treatment and has not responded to previous treatment. Afatinib dimaleate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as capecitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving afatinib dimaleate together with capecitabine may be a better treatment for solid tumors, pancreatic cancer, or biliary cancer.

Eligibility Criteria (must meet the following to participate in this study)

Ages Eligible for Study: 19 Years and older (Adult, Senior)

Sexes Eligible for Study: All

PHASE I:

- PHASE I: Histologically confirmed solid tumor malignancy

- PHASE I: Life expectancy >= 12 weeks

- PHASE I: No limit on the number of prior systemic therapies for metastatic disease

- PHASE I: Prior treatment with erlotinib, gefitinib or EGFR-blocking monoclonal antibodies (cetuximab and panitumumab) is allowed

- PHASE I: Signed informed consent

- PHASE I: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) of 0-2

- PHASE I: Measurable disease according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version (v)1.1

- PHASE I: Must be willing to provide tumor tissue biopsy samples (may be fresh or archival paraffin embedded) at baseline

- PHASE I: In order to perform a retrospective biomarker analysis with the next generation gene sequencing UW-OncoPlex assay; fresh tumor biopsies from metastatic or primary tumor lesion will be done if considered safe and feasible by treating physician and radiologist; Patients who already have OncoPlex or other equivalent gene sequencing assay (eg Foundation One, Perthera, Caris etc) test results available from prior tumor biopsy are eligible to participate, without the needed of a repeat tumor biopsy, but the test results need to be provided to the study principal investigator

- PHASE I: Females of childbearing potential must use an effective method of contraception (barrier method of birth control or abstinence) from the time of consent until at least 180 days following discontinuation of protocol therapy; females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test within 3 days prior to registration for protocol therapy; patients are considered not of child bearing potential if they are surgically sterile (they have undergone a hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or they are naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months; females must not be pregnant or breastfeeding; in rare cases of an endocrine-secreting tumor, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels may be above normal limits (falsely-positive) but with no pregnancy in the patient; in these cases, there should be a repeat serum hCG test (with a non-rising result) to rule out pregnancy; upon confirmation of results and discussion with the Sponsor-Investigator, these patients may enter the study

- PHASE I: Sexually active male subjects must use an effective method of contraception (barrier method of birth control or abstinence) from the time of consent until at least 180 days following discontinuation of protocol therapy

- PHASE I: Absolute neutrophil count >= 1500/uL

- PHASE I: Platelet count >= 100,000/uL

- PHASE I: Hemoglobin >= 9 gm/dL

- PHASE I: Total bilirubin =< 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

- PHASE I: Transaminases (aspartate aminotransferase [AST] and/or alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 2.5 x ULN

- PHASE I: Prothrombin time (PT) (or international normalized ratio [INR]) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) =< 1.5 x ULN

- PHASE I: Calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 60 mL/min calculated by Cockcroft-Gault formula

PHASE IB:

- PHASE IB: Histologically confirmed refractory locally-advanced unresectable or metastatic pancreatic or biliary cancer

- PHASE IB: Life expectancy >= 12 weeks

- PHASE IB: =< 2 lines of prior systemic therapy for metastatic disease (if patients have metastatic disease)

- PHASE IB: =< 2 lines of prior systemic therapy for patients with progressive locally-advanced disease

- PHASE IB: No prior treatment with erlotinib is allowed for pancreatic cancer patients

- PHASE IB: ECOG PS 0-1

- PHASE IB: Signed informed consent

- PHASE IB: Measurable disease according to RECIST v1.1

- PHASE IB: Must be willing to provide tumor tissue biopsy samples (may be fresh or archival paraffin embedded) at baseline

- PHASE IB: Fresh tumor biopsies from metastatic or primary tumor lesions will be done only if considered safe and feasible by treating physician and radiologist; patients who already have OncoPlex or other equivalent gene sequencing assay (eg Foundation One, Perthera, Caris etc) test results available from prior tumor biopsy are eligible to participate, without the needed of a repeat tumor biopsy, but the test results need to be available to the study principal investigator

- PHASE IB: Females of childbearing potential must use an effective method of contraception (barrier method of birth control or abstinence) from the time of consent until at least 180 days following discontinuation of protocol therapy; females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test within 3 days prior to registration for protocol therapy; patients are considered not of child bearing potential if they are surgically sterile (they have undergone a hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or they are naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months; females must not be pregnant or breastfeeding; in rare cases of an endocrine-secreting tumor, hCG levels may be above normal limits (falsely-positive) but with no pregnancy in the patient; in these cases, there should be a repeat serum hCG test (with a non-rising result) to rule out pregnancy; upon confirmation of results and discussion with the sponsor-investigator, these patients may enter the study

- PHASE IB: Sexually active male subjects must use an effective method of contraception (barrier method of birth control or abstinence) from the time of consent until at least 180 days following discontinuation of protocol therapy

- PHASE IB: Patients in the expansion cohort must have a measurable site of disease according to RECIST (v 1.1) that has not been previously irradiated, or evidence of at least 20% progression in a previously irradiated lesion, and assessed by imaging within 28 days prior to registration for protocol therapy

- PHASE IB: Absolute neutrophil count >= 1500/uL

- PHASE IB: Platelet count >= 100,000/uL

- PHASE IB: Hemoglobin >= 9 gm/dL

- PHASE IB: Total bilirubin =< 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

- PHASE IB: Transaminases (AST and/or ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN

- PHASE IB: PT (or INR) and PTT =< 1.5 x ULN

- PHASE IB: Calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 60 mL/min calculated by Cockcroft-Gault formula

Other eligibility criteria may apply.

Exclusions (conditions that would prevent participation in this study)

- Prior treatment with afatinib

- Untreated or symptomatic brain metastases requiring corticosteroid therapy (no corticosteroid use for this purpose in the preceding 4 weeks)

- Diagnosis with any of the following in the 12 months prior to registration: severe/unstable angina, myocardial infarction, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack

- Active venous thrombosis with contraindication for anticoagulation

- Patients taking warfarin; if anticoagulation is required, the patient must be on a stable dose of a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved anticoagulant other than warfarin (e.g. enoxaparin, dalteparin, fondaparinux, apixaban, rivaroxaban) for at least 30 days

- Any history of or concomitant condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would compromise the patient?s ability to comply with the study or interfere with the evaluation of the efficacy and safety of the test drug

- Gastrointestinal tract disease or any other reasons resulting in an inability to take oral medication or a requirement for intravenous (IV) alimentation, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption, active peptic ulcer disease or chronic diarrhea

- History of bone marrow transplant and stem cell rescue

- Receipt of any chemotherapy, biological therapy or investigational agents within 3 weeks prior to study registration

- Radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to therapy except palliative radiation to target organs other than primary tumor may be allowed up to 2 weeks prior to registration

- Major surgery within 4 weeks before starting study treatment or scheduled for surgery during the projected course of the study

- Known pre-existing interstitial lung disease

- Any history or presence of poorly controlled gastrointestinal disorders that could affect the absorption of the study drug (e.g. Crohn?s disease, ulcerative colitis, chronic diarrhea, malabsorption)

- Known active hepatitis B infection (defined as presence of hepatitis B [HepB] surface antigen [sAg] and/or Hep B deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA]), known active hepatitis C infection (defined as presence of hepatitis C [Hep C] ribonucleic acid [RNA]) and/or known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) carrier

Other exclusion criteria may apply.

Research Study Number 9078
 
Contact Seattle Cancer Care Alliance Intake Office
 
Telephone 800-804-8824 / 206-606-1024
 

Keywords: Bile Duct Cancer; Pancreatic Cancer; Solid Tumors; Neoplasms; Digestive System Neoplasms; Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial; Neoplasms, Ductal, Lobular, and Medullary; Adenocarcinoma; Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast; Carcinoma; Carcinoma, Ductal; Endocrine Gland Neoplasms

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